goals怎么读 goals如何读

goals怎么读 goals如何读?最近有很多网友对这个问题充满疑问。还有一部分人想弄明白。对此,盾灵网准备了相关的内容,希望能帮助到你。


本篇押题文章目录:

Part 1 写作四大框架

Part 2 写作的7个押题

Part 3 写作的5个段子

Part 4 翻译重点词汇



Part 1 写作四大框架

熟悉几个常见的套路能帮助大家搭起框架,具体例子可以参照文章:。

1.现象解释型

Thereare mainly two factors contributing to this social phenomenon/ my preference/the correctness of this principle.

Tobegin with, _______.

Moreover,________.

2.正反观点型

Thereis much controversy over _______(议题).

Somepeople argue that _______.

Nevertheless,other people adopt a completely different view. They believe that ______.

3.问题解决型

Tohandle the issue properly, in my mind, it calls for the efforts from all sides.

Frommy perspective, ______.

Inthe meantime, _____.

4.其他内容型

Thereare mainly two aspects concerning the benefits/challenges/consequences of______.

Onthe one hand, ______.

Onthe other, _____.

Part 2 写作的7个押题

1.诚信话题

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay commenting onthe saying “honesty is the best policy”.

点评:诚信类话题是最近社会的焦点,其实早在1999年考研就考察过,类似的话题为不文明行为(uncivilized behavior)/不道德行为(immoralbehavior)/不诚信行为(dishonest behavior)。

参考范文:

As an ancient proverb goes,“honesty is the best policy.” Simple as the saying may seem, it obviouslyemphasizes the importance of honesty in the society. It goes without sayingthat honesty plays a fundamental role in our daily interaction.


Unfortunately, honesty seems to belost in contemporary society. Several factors could account for this tendency.To begin with, in modern society where competition is intense, young people areunder enormous strain from their work and family. To earn a living, a growingnumber of individuals tend to attach less importance to the moral code likehonesty, but more importance to their own benefits. Furthermore, it iseducation that should be blamed. Schools nowadays tend to pay special attentionto the students’ academic scores rather than their morality. As a result,honesty becomes a rare quality among youngsters.


To sum up, I personally argue thatdue attention should be given to dishonest behaviors. The fundamental way inwhich the government addresses the problem is to raise the public awareness.The mass media should also join in the efforts in educating the citizens. Onlythrough concerted steps can our society have more peace and harmony.

中文翻译:

正如名言所述:“诚信是最好的政策”。尽管这句话看起来很简单,它显然强调了诚信在社会中的重要性。众所周知,在我们的日常交往中,诚信扮演着一个根本性的角色。

不幸的是,诚信似乎消失在当代社会中。一些原因可以解释该趋势。首先,当代社会中,竞争激烈,年轻人承受着来自工作和家庭的压力。为了生存,越来越多的人不太重视道德规则,比如诚信,更重视自己的利益。此外,我们也该指责教育。现今学校倾向于重视学生的分数,而不是他们的道德。因此,诚信变成了一个年轻人中稀有的品质。

总之,我个人认为我们需适当关注不诚信行为。政府解决该问题的根本原因是提高公众的意识。大众媒体也应该发挥作用教育公众。只有通过共同的努力我们的社会才能更加和平和和谐。

必备词语:

公德 public morality

食品安全 food safety

盗版商品 pirated products

伪劣商品 fake commodities

品牌声誉 brand reputation

形象建立 image building

欺诈行为 dishonest behavior

2.校园生活

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic“the advantages and disadvantages of recreational activities”.

点评:四级考试偏重于说明,比如介绍下娱乐活动的利弊;六级考试更偏向议论,比如曾经考过如何平衡工作指责和娱乐活动。该类话题可以拓展:住校的优缺点;考试的优缺点,兼职(taking a part-time job)的优缺点。万能理由很值得学习。

参考范文:

The recreational activity is ofutmost importance in our normal life. We can experience a great manyrecreational activities on campus. For example, as a sophomore, I have been amember of the school’s tennis club, and have also enjoyed playing tennis withmy friends after class.

There are two aspects concerningrecreational activities. On the bright side, while college life tends to bevery stressful, recreational activities can enrich our life and relax our mind.A student can also widen his circle of friends through these activities. However,there are drawbacks. Excessive recreational activities may interfere with ourstudy. Therefore, students cannot concentrate on their learning and may evenfail in the exams.


To sum up, the recreationalactivity is just like a double-edged sword. We might bear in mind that it canexert both positive and negative influence on our life. However, we can avoidthose undesirable effects, when making full use of it.

中文翻译:

娱乐活动在我们的日常生活中非常重要。我们可以在校园里体验许多娱乐活动。比如,作为一个大二学生,我已经成为了一名学校网球俱乐部的成员,同时也享受着课余与朋友打网球的快乐。

关于娱乐活动的话题,我想谈谈以下两个方面。从好处看,尽管现在大学生活压力很,娱乐活动可以让我们放松心情,释放压力。同时通过这些活动,学生们还能扩大自己的朋友圈,我们可以找到志同道合的朋友。不过娱乐活动也存在缺陷。过度娱乐会妨碍学习,因此,学生无法集中精力学习,甚至在考试中挂科。

总之,娱乐活动就像一把双刃剑。我们应该牢记,它对于我们的生活既会产生积极又会产生消极的影响。然而,我们应该避免那些消极的效应,而充分利用其积极的一面。

必备短语:

enrichone’s life 丰富生活

broadenone’s horizon 扩展思维

enlargeone’s experiences 丰富经历

expandone’s range of knowledge 扩展知识面

releaseone’s pressure 释放压力

relaxone’s mind 放松心情

havea temporary escape from the academic workload 从学习中短暂逃脱

widenone’s circle of friends 拓展朋友圈

3.网络优劣

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic“Internet and Potential Risks”.

点评:关于科技类已经一段时间没有涉及了,个人认为网络的热度并未消除,相反与其相关的内容非常容易考察。比如网络和隐私(Internet and Privacy),网络与危机(Internetand Potential Risks),网络和传统(Internet and the Chinesetradition)。四级可能会出现:Do you prefer to read online orread a traditional book/Do you prefer to shop online or shop in a regular store。读电子书还是传统书/喜欢线上购物还是线下购物等。

参考范文:

The Internet has penetrated everyaspect of daily life and exerted a huge impact on our work and study. Forexample, Microblogs and Wechat are two forms of new media. Various people,regardless of their age, gender or background, are involved in creating theirown microblogs and using Wechat.


There is much controversy overwhether the new technology is a boon or a bane. Some people believe that theInternet is a great asset. Modern technology considerably alters the way peoplecommunicate with each other. People can now acquire useful information onlinewith a click of the mouse. However, there is a growing concern about thepotential drawbacks the Internet, especially in terms of personal security. Forexample, WeChat may expose one’s location to strangers by positioning function,cheat one’s friends by faking identity, and lose one’s money in the electronicwallet.


Owing to the accelerated pace ofcontemporary life, people’s work and life are increasingly confined to a narrowspace. However, in face of new technology, we should be prudent. One shouldmake sensible use of technology, being a master rather than a slave of it.

参考翻译:

网络渗透到了日常生活的方方面面,对于我们的工作和生活产生了巨大的影响。比如,微博和微信已经是新媒体的两种形式,很多人不论年龄、性别和背景,都参与到创建自己的微博和使用微信中。

对于新技术的优劣,大家议论纷纷。有人认为因特网是一种伟大的资产。当代技术显著改变了人们相互沟通的方式,人们也可以通过点击鼠标来获得有用的信息。然而,对于网络的潜在问题,人们也有越来越多的担忧,尤其在个人信息方面。比如,微信可能会通过定位功能向陌生人暴露个人的位置,通过虚构身份欺骗当事人的朋友,在电子钱包里损失金钱。

随着当代生活不断加快的节奏,人们的工作和生活越来越限制在一个狭小的空间里。然而,面对新技术,我们应该谨慎。我们应该聪明地使用新技术,成为其主人,而不是奴隶。

4.教育问题

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic“the importance of lifelong learning/lifelong education/reading books”.

点评:关于教育/读书的问题,可能是本次考试的一大重点。四级考察过如何培养阅读/写作/讲演的能力。六级考察过学历是否重要、大学排名的影响、文理科的选择等。这样的题目可以出得非常细致。

参考范文:

In modern society where economy isdeveloping at a tremendous rate, the role of education has attracted extensiveattention from the general public. The hunger for education is understandable:these days it is a requirement for a decent job and an entry ticket to themiddle class.


Many complicated factors areinvolved in understanding the importance of lifelong education. Firstly, highereducation plays a key role in aiding students’ growth and development, so theycan get the opportunity to increase their knowledge and learn to beindependent. It is common to say that higher education opens up a great numberof job opportunities for people. Secondly, one objective of education is tohelp students to develop new perspectives and to strive for achievable socialand academic goals. Indeed, education can cultivate and elevate people’s mind,empowering us with confidence, courage and other virtues.


To sum up, education is aworthwhile investment. Immediate ways for advocating higher education studyremain elusive. However, public recognition of the necessity will represent thefirst step in finding effective measures.

参考翻译:

在经济高速发展的现代社会,高等教育的作用吸引了普遍公众的广发关注。对于学位的渴望可以理解:如今学位是获得一份好工作的要求,进入中产阶级的入场券。

在理解教育的重要性上,存在有许多因素。首先,高等教育在帮助学生成长和发展中扮演着关键角色。他们可以有机会增加自己的学识并学会独立。不可否认,高等教育为人们创造了大量工作机会。其次,教育的一个目标是帮助学生开拓新的视角并为实现社会和学术目标而努力。实际上,教育可以培养并提高人们的大脑,给我们以信心,勇气和其他品质。

总而言之,教育是一笔值得的投资。对于推动教育的快速方法仍然很难找到,然而公众意识到其必要性代表了寻找有效方法的第一步。

5.流行现象

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topicof “Idol Worship”.

点评:曾经在考研和六级都考察过偶像崇拜,这种流行现象好几年未涉及了。其与第一题材有类似之处。过度包装(over-packaging),偶像崇拜(IdolWorship),网络红人(Internet Celebrity),电视广告(TVcommercial)都可以用同样的思路和素材。

参考范文:

Idol worship has become one of themost important representatives of popular culture in China. The past severalyears has seen the idol worshipping craze. Fans crazily pursue their idols indrama, movies, or live music concert. This phenomenon becomes increasinglyevident and eye-catching.


There are several reasons behindthis trend. The primary factor lies in education system. Nowadays, moststudents usually concentrate merely on their school performance but neglectother important aspects in life, such as psychological status. Therefore,students have to look for their role model in real life. Furthermore, it is themass media that should be blamed. Pop singers and all the other entertainersalways present their glamorous appearance and personality that young peopledesire to have. However, young people are just not mature enough to tell factfrom fiction.


There is much controversy overwhether this tendency is a boon or a bane. As far as I am concerned, it is justlike a double-edged sword. Excessive worship could only lead to undesirableconsequences. One should pay much more attention to his study and work.

中文翻译:

偶像崇拜已经成为了中国流行文化的重要代表。过去几年见证了偶像崇拜的疯狂。粉丝狂热地追逐连续剧、电影以及现场音乐会的偶像。这种现象愈演愈烈,抓人眼球。

有几个原因可以解释这种趋势。首要的原因源于教育体系。现今,大多数学生通常仅仅关注他们学校表现,却忽略了生活中其他重要方面,比如心里状况。因此学生不得不寻找自己真实生活中的榜样。其次,大众媒体难辞其咎。流行歌手和其他娱乐明星总是展示出年轻人渴望获得的迷人外表和个性。然而,年轻人还未成熟,无法明辨是非。

对于这个趋势的优劣,众说纷纭。在我看来,他就像一把双刃剑。过度崇拜会导致不良后果,我们应该重视自己的学习和工作。

亮点句:

1.Most students usually concentrate merely on their school performance butneglect the other important aspects in life.

大多数学生通常仅仅关注他们学校的表现,却忽略了生活中其他重要方面。

重要词汇:

idolworship 偶像崇拜

excessivepackaging 过度包装

TVcommercial 电视广告

celebrityendorsement明星代言

Internetcelebrity 网红

brandreputation 品牌声誉

imagebuilding 建立形象

piratedproducts盗版商品

fakecommodity 伪劣商品

6.人生哲理

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic“My view on Happiness/Money/Struggle”.

点评:人生哲理类包括名言类的作文,这类作文建议多背一些精神品质类的句子,写作的时候可以具体化。Our Sense ofHappiness/Money/Struggle。

参考范文:

In recent years, as China is markedby rapid economic growth and continuous technological innovation, people’sliving standard has been very much improved. Therefore, they are more concernsabout how to enhance their sense of happiness.


Opinions vary when it comes to thedefinition of happiness. To begin with, as the job market is getting gloomy andcompetition is becoming fierce, it is increasingly difficult for collegeundergraduates to find a decent job. Happiness for me is to find a satisfactoryjob and to earn money to support my life. Furthermore, with the rapiddevelopment of the economy and society, public morality has declined to anextent. More and more people are becoming indifferent to the people around them.Happiness for me is to help those in need and contribute to the society.


To sum up, everyone should pursuehis or her own happiness. The time is right for us to take full advantage ofample existing opportunities. Happiness does not lie in the mere possession ofmoney; it lies in the joy of achievements.

中文翻译:

最近几年,随着中国快速的经济增长和持续的技术革新,人们的生活水平迅速提升。因此,关于如何加强人们的幸福感,有很多忧虑。

谈及到幸福的定义,大家议论纷纷。首先,随着劳动力市场变得低迷,竞争日趋激烈,对于大学生来说找到一份好工作越来越困难。幸福之我而言是找到一份满意的工作并挣钱养活自己。其次,随着经济和社会的发展,公共道德已经衰落到一定的程度,越来越多的人对于帮助困难的人变得冷漠和害怕。幸福之我而言是帮助那些需要帮助的人,对社会做出贡献。

总而言之,每个人都应该追求自己的幸福。是时候我们应该充分利用现有的机会。幸福并非仅仅在于拥有金钱,它也在于获得成就的喜悦。

亮点句:

1.As the job market is getting gloomy and competition is becoming fierce, it isincreasingly difficult for college undergraduates to find a decent job.

然而,随着劳动力市场变得低迷,竞争日趋激烈,对于大学生来说找到一份好工作越来越困难。

2.The late 90s had seen the birth and boom of the Internet, which was starting toconvince people of its advantage in speeding up communication.

90年代末期见证了网络的诞生和兴旺,这让人们相信其在加快沟通当中的优势。

3.With the rapid development of the economy and society, public morality hasdeclined to an extent, which can be attributed to the lack of proper education.

随着经济和社会的发展,公共道德已经衰落到一定的程度,这主要是因为缺乏教育。

重要词汇:

克服困难:overcome/surmount difficulty

对待失败:deal with/cope with failure

乐观态度:have a positive attitude

不劳无获:No pains, no gains.

抵制诱惑:resist temptation

独立:independence(adj.independent);

坚持:persistence(adj.persistent);

勤奋:diligence(adj.diligent);

信心:confidence(adj.confident);

合作:cooperation (=teamwork=collaboration);

乐观:optimism (adj. optimistic)

7.健康服务

Directions:Write a letter to the president of your university, suggesting how to improvestudents’ physical condition.

点评:考试涉及到如果提高学校的图书馆服务(the service in thelibrary)和食堂服务(the canteen service on campus),如何促进学生的身体健康(physical health)和心理健康(mental health)。同时其也折射心理身体健康的话题。根据这个押题,请大家也关注书信体的写法。

参考范文:

DearMr. James,

I am one of the senior students inour university. I have recently found that many students are in poor healthcondition. I am writing this letter for the purpose of providing you somesuggestions concerning the ways to improve our physical conditions.


To begin with, the school shouldencourage students to do more exercise. With the quickening pace of urban lifeand ever-increasing pressure, people in growing numbers are suffering fromeither the physical or mental problems. Doing exercise can relax our mind,which in turn helps us to concentrate on academic study. Furthermore, the massmedia such as the radio station and TV program of our school should also joinin the efforts in educating the students. We should bear in mind that healthalways comes first.


I sincerely hope that we can have abetter condition in physical and mental health. Thank you for your time andconsideration.

Sincerely yours,

Li Ming

中文翻译:

亲爱的詹姆斯先生,

我是本校的大四学生。我最近发现许多学生健康状况很糟糕。我写这封信希望能提供大家一些关于提高身体状况的方法。

第一点,学校应该鼓励学生多锻炼身体。随着不断加快的都市节奏以及日益增长的压力,越来越多的人正遭受到身体或心理的问题。锻炼身体可以帮助我们放松大脑,这样可以使我们集中精力在学习成绩上。第二点,大众媒体比如我校广播站和电视台应该努力劝导学生。我们应该牢记健康是第一位的。

我非常希望我们在身体和心理上都能有一个更好的状况。非常感谢您的时间和考虑。

诚挚的

李明

Part 3 写作的5个段子

该部分希望各位同学能熟读,作为储备的一些素材。

工作就业

Tobegin with, as the job market is getting gloomy and competition is becomingfierce, college students should be well equipped with practical experiencewhile still in college. Their summer and winter holidays should be used to gainvaluable work experience. Moreover, the expectations of employment play an importantpart. A large number of graduates tend to give first priority to earnings andaim for well-paid positions in foreign companies or big banks.

【中文翻译】首先,随着就业市场的低迷和竞争日趋激烈,大学生在大学期间应具备良好的实践经验。他们的暑假和寒假应该用来获得宝贵的工作经验。此外,就业预期也起着重要作用。许多毕业生倾向于优先考虑收入,并希望在外国公司或大银行获得高薪职位。

环境资源

Firstof all, we are suffering greatly from the environmental destruction, whichbecomes increasingly severe. If there are less and less trees, then nothing canprevent the sand storm and dust storm. Secondly, the environment is the place inwhich we live. Environmental protection concerns ourselves and can ensureenvironmental sustainability for future generation.

【中文翻译】首先,我们正遭受着越来越严重的环境破坏。如果树木越来越少,那么没有什么可以阻止沙尘暴的侵袭。其次,环境就是我们生活的地方。环境保护与我们利益相关,也为下一代保证了环境的可持续性发展。

乐观精神

Optimismis truly the fundamental attribute of top performers, which separates the highachievers from the rest of the pack. For example, honored for his success inbasketball, Yao Ming is always remembered for his spirit of optimism, whichshines through every page of his life. Also, optimism can be regarded as atraditional Chinese virtue that has been handed down from generation togeneration. We students should learn to deal with life with positive attitude.

【中文翻译】乐观确实是表现突出的人所具有的基本属性,其将高成就者和剩下的人区分开来。比如,举例来说,姚明不仅在篮球上取得成功,且因其乐观精神被人所铭记,这种精神闪耀在他生活的每一篇章。其次,乐观可以被看成是传统中国美德,代代传承。我们学生应该学习用积极的态度对待生活。

两代关系

Thereexist some misunderstandings between parents and their children. The young aremore educated and more influenced by western civilization. They believe inspending money rather than saving it. They are not so dependent on theirparents. They are more self-centered and do not blindly follow their parents’ideas. They tend to have their own philosophy of life. However, everyone stillhas the duty to take care of our parents, especially when they are old andsick. Also an increasing aging population will have enormous consequences forany society.

【中文翻译】父母和子女之间存在一些误解。年轻人受教育程度更高,更受西方文明的影响。他们相信花钱而不是存钱。他们并不那么依赖父母。他们更加以自我为中心,不会盲目地追随父母的想法。他们往往有自己的人生信条。然而,每个人都有责任照顾我们的父母,特别是当他们年老生病时。人口老龄化的增加也会给任何社会带来巨大的后果。

传统文化

TheInternet could exert a huge impact on our traditional cultures. Over the courseof thousands of years, the Chinese people have created their own unique customsand traditions, and passed them on from one generation to the next. However, agrowing number of people become increasingly concerned that China’s culturalheritage could become marginalized or even disappear entirely. The Internet hasbrought more and more western cultures to China and children are more likely tobe exposed in the western cultures. There is a danger that age-old customs andtraditions may become lost in the shadows of modernization.

【中文翻译】互联网可能对我们的传统文化产生巨大影响。几千年来,中国人民创造了自己独特的风俗习惯,代代相传。然而,越来越多的人会担心中国的文化遗产可能会被边缘化,甚至完全消失。互联网给中国带来了越来越多的西方文化,而儿童更容易接触。古老的习俗和传统可能会在现代化的阴影中消失。

Part 4 翻译重点词汇

翻译建议各位认真学习四类重点词汇:

这里摘录一些

与时俱进:keep pace with the times

老龄化人口:aging population

人口出生率:birth rate

维护社会稳定和和谐:safeguard social harmony andstability

资源节约、环境友好社会:a resource-conserving, environment-friendlysociety

创新是引领发展的第一动力:innovation is the primary engine ofdevelopment

古代文明:ancient civilization

文化遗产:cultural heritage

乡村文化:rural culture

民族文化:national culture

民间艺术:folk art

神话/传说:myth/legend

阳历/阴历:solar calendar/lunarcalendar

戏剧/京剧/剧院:drama/PekingOpera/theater

诗人/政客:poet/politician

版权:copyright

盗版:piracy

基因芯片:genetic chip

改革开放:reform and opening-up

航天技术:space technology

尖端技术:state-of-the-arttechnology/cutting-edged technology

生物技术/生命科学:biotechnology/lifescience

纳米技术:nanotechnology

环境保护:environmental protection

开发可再生资源:develop renewable resources

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评论列表(10条)
  • 凌糠撩
    刚考完就刷到了,啥都没准备,裸考,感觉这些预测的永远比真题难,
  • 程炮
    恭喜你,一个没中
  • 毛玻
    恭喜你一篇没中
  • 皮汽
    一篇没中
  • 别警以
    其实这次四级作文是给外国朋友推荐大学、城市、工作,翻译是中国教育、家庭关系,欧吼
  • 齐锈烃
    恭喜,一个没中
  • 仉屏烛
    转发了
  • 耿需逸
    转发了
  • 亢滦陡
    转发了
  • 罗酣岸
    转发了

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