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200句话掌握初中单词(详解版)

单词注释:n.→名词; v.→动词; vt.→及物动词; vi.→不及物动词

a.→形容词;ad.→副词;prep.→介词;conj.→连词;pron.→代词

aux. v.→情态动词; num.→数词;int.→叹词 pl.→复数形式

1. It is reported that last Tuesday, a young traffic policeman was knocked down by accident and sent to the nearby hospital.据报道,上周二一名年轻的交警意外地被撞倒,然后送往了就近的医院。

report [riˈpɔ:t]n.报告;成绩报告单 vt.& vi.报道;公布

It is said/reported/believed/hoped… that…

据说、据报道、人们相信、人们希望……

trafficn.交通,运输量;(非法的)交易;通信量;交际

knock down撞倒

accident n.意外事件;事故 by accident 偶然地;误;不经意

nearby a.在附近的,位于附近的 ad.附近地,不远地

send [send] vt.送,寄;派遣,打发;发送,发射

2. As students, we agree that we should take full advantage of time to practiseourselves and receive more education so that we will have a bright future.作为学生,我们都同意这样的说法,我们应该充分利用时间来锻炼自己,接受更多的教育以便今后我们有所成就。

agree vt.& vi.同意,赞同

advantage n.有利条件;益处;优越(性);处于支配地位

take … advantage of 利用……

practice vt.& vi.练习;实习

receive vt.& vi.收到;接到;接纳;接待

education n.教育;教育学

… so that …… 以便……

bright a.明亮的,鲜亮的;聪明的;辉煌的;活泼的,机灵的,乖巧的

future a.将来的,未来的 n.前途,未来

3. Sometimes, the tired scientist wants to give up the plan for he has failed in the experiment some times, but he stillspends some time on it every day because he believes he will besuccessful sometime.有时,那个疲劳的科学家想要放弃那个计划,因为他已经几次在实验中失败了,但是,他仍每天在这上面花时间,因为他相信,在将来某个时刻会成功的。

sometimes 有时候;sometime 某时;some times 若干次;some time 一段时间

scientist n.科学家;科学工作者

give up (动词词组)放弃

plan n.计划;打算 vt.& vi.计划,打算

fail vt.& vi.失败,不及格;倒闭,破产

experiment n.实验,试验;尝试

spend vt.& vi.用钱,花钱 vt.花费;消耗;花(时间);度过

某人 + spend + 时间 + on sth / (in) doing sth

successful a.成功的

4. You can try borrowing some money from this rich woman, but I am afraid she won' t lend even one dollar to you.你可以试着从那个富有的女人那里借钱,但我恐怕她连一元也不会借给你。

try to do sth 尽力去做…;

try doing sth 尝试去做……

borrow vt.& vi.借,借进

I’m afraid …… 我恐怕……

lend vt.把……借给;贷(款)

even ad.甚至;更加

5. To our surprise, though the result of the exam is surprising, the teacher was not surprised at it.使我们惊讶的是,尽管考试的结果令人吃惊,但是老师一点都不惊讶。

to one’s surprise / disappointment / excitement / satisfaction … 令某人惊奇/失望/兴奋/满意……的是

though conj.虽然,尽管;即使;纵然

result n. 结果

surprising a.使人惊讶的,出人意料的,惊人的;惊人的,意外的

surprised a. 感到惊讶的 be surprised at … 对……感到惊讶

6. The support from his whole family gave him confidence to solve the difficult problem and finally he not onlydiscovered a new disease but also invented new medicine against it.来自他全家的支持给了他解决难题的信心,最终他不仅发现了新的疾病而且发明了新药抵制这种疾病。

support vt.支持;帮助;支撑;维持 n.支撑;支持者

whole a.全部的,所有的;完整的

confidence n.信心;信任;秘密

solve vt.解决;解答

finally ad.最后,终于;总算

not only ……, but also…… 不仅……,而且……

discover vt.发现

disease n.疾病

invent vt.发明,创造

medicine n.医学;医药,良药

against prep.(表示态度)反对;(表示方位)紧靠着……;(表示对象)对……不利

7. Since the clever boy realizes that he himself is keen on physics, he makes a decision to study this interesting subject well with the help of his teacher.由于那个聪明的男孩意识到他自己热爱物理,他决定在老师的帮助下好好学这个有趣的学科。

sinceprep.从……以来;自从……之后;自从 conj.自从……以来;自从……的时候起;既然;由于

realize vt.实现;了解

keen a. 热切的; 热情的; 热心的 be keen on喜爱

physics n.物理学

decision n.决定;果断;决议 make a decision 做决定

subject [ˈsʌbdʒikt] n.主题;学科;对象;主语vt.使服从

7. Since the clever boy realizes that he himself is keen on physics, he makes a decision to study this interesting subject well with the help of his teacher.由于那个聪明的男孩意识到他自己热爱物理,他决定在老师的帮助下好好学这个有趣的学科。

sinceprep.从……以来;自从……之后;自从 conj.自从……以来;自从……的时候起;既然;由于

realize vt.实现;了解

keen a. 热切的; 热情的; 热心的

be keen on喜爱

physics n.物理学

decision n.决定;果断;决议

make a decision 做决定

subject [ˈsʌbdʒikt] n.主题;学科;对象;主语vt.使服从

8. Besides eating more vegetables and less meat, these fat men have totake several exercises such as playing basketball, running in order to lose weight.除了多吃蔬菜少吃肉,这些肥胖的男人们必须做一些锻炼来减肥,例如打篮球,跑步。

besides [bi'saidz]ad. 此外, 加之, 而且; 在其他方面

prep. 此外, 加之, 而且; 在其他方面;在...之外, 除...之外

vegetable [ˈvedʒitəbl] n.蔬菜,植物

less [les] a./ ad.[little的比较级]更少(小)的(地)

several [ˈsevərəl] a.几个,若干,数个

exercise [ˈeksəsaiz] n./ v.运动;练习;运用[ pl.]体操,演习

take exercise 做锻炼

such as 例如,诸如

in order to+V原 为了(做某事)

lose [lu:z] v.丢失;迷失;输,损失

weight [weit]n.重量;砝码

lose weight 减肥

9. It is very kind of you to help us repair this new computer for it is difficult for us to finish the work without it in time.你太好了帮我们修好了这台新电脑,因为对我们来说,没有它要及时完成工作是困难的。

It is/was + 形容词 + for / of sb + to do sth(用of sb表示某人具有某品质;用for sb表示某事对于某人怎么样)

repair [riˈpɛə] n.修理 vt.修理(补);

difficult [ˈdifikəlt] a.困难的

finish [ˈfiniʃ] v.完成结束 n.结束,末尾

without [wiˈðaut] prep.无,没有

in time 及时

10. All the members in this club are worried about the changes of climate so they perform an activity to ask more people to protect environment.这个俱乐部的所有成员都担心气候的变化,因此他们发起一个活动让更多的人来保护环境。

member [ˈmembə] n.成员,会员

club [klʌb] n.俱乐部

worry about 对……担心

change [tʃeindʒ] v.改变;交换;兑换 n.变化;更换;零钱

climate [ˈklaimit] n.气候

perform [pəˈfɔ:m] v.做,履行,完成;演出,表演

activity [ækˈtiviti] n.活动,行动;活跃,活力

protect [prəˈtekt] vt.保护,保卫

environment [inˈvaiərənmənt] n.环境,周围状况,自然环境

11. Nowadays, more and more countries start to pay attention to the pollution, they advise people to prefer paper bagsto plastic ones when they go shopping.当今,越来越多的国家开始关注污染,他们建议人们在购物时选择纸袋而不是塑料袋。

nowadays [ˈnauədeiz] ad.现今,现在

start [stɑ:t] vt.开始;创办 vi.开始;出发

attention [əˈtenʃən] n.注意,专心,留心

pay [pei] v.付款;给予(注意等);付出代价 pay attention to 注意

pollution [pəˈlu:ʃən] n.污染,污染物

advise [ədˈvaiz] vt.劝(忠)告;建议 vi.建议

prefer [priˈfə:] vt.更喜欢,宁愿

prefer A to B 更喜欢A,而不是B

plastic [ˈplæstik] n.[ pl.]塑料(制品) a.塑料的

12. Although both noise and voice can be called sounds, all the people enjoy the beautiful voice from good singers and no one wants to hear noise.尽管噪音和嗓音都被称为声音,但是所有人都喜欢好歌手的优美嗓音,没人要听噪音。

although [ɔ:lˈðəu] conj.虽然,尽管;然而

both A and B A和B都……

noise [nɔiz] n.响声;喧哗声,噪声

voice [vɔis] n.嗓音;(表达出的)意见

sound [saund] n.声音 v.响;听起来 ad.酣畅地

enjoy [inˈdʒɔi] vt.享受,喜爱

13. You'd better not look up each new word in the English-Chinese dictionarywhile you are reading the English newspaper or novel.当你读英语报纸和小说的时候,最好不要每个新单词都查英汉词典。

had better + V原 “最好做……”,表示建议

look up查(字典)

each [ˈi:tʃ] pron.各(每)个 a.各,各自的

dictionary [ˈdikʃənəri] n.词典,字典

while [wail] conj.当…的时;而;虽然 n.一会儿

newspaper [ˈnju:sˌpeipə] n.报纸

novel [ˈnɔvəl] n.(长篇)小说 a.新颖的

14. In many western countries, thirteen is not regarded as a lucky number, but no one knows why.在许多西方国家. 13不被认为是一个幸运的数字,但是没有人知道为什么。

western [ˈwestən] a.西方的,西部的

regard [riˈgɑ:d] vt.看作;打量;注意 n.尊敬[ pl.]问候

be regarded as 被看作……

number [ˈnʌmbə] n.数字;号码

15. The careless patient mistook a white button for a pill so the doctors operated on him immediately to take it out as soon as possible.那个粗心的病人把一颗白色的纽扣误认为一粒药,因此医生立刻为他动手术,尽可能快地将其取出。

careless [ˈkeəlis] a.粗心的;随便的

patient [ˈpeiʃənt] a.忍耐的,有耐心的 n.病人

mistake [misˈteik] n.错误,过失 vt.误解,弄错;误认为

mistake A for B 把A误认为是B

button [ˈbʌtn] n.钮扣;按钮

pill [pil] n.药片

operate [ˈɔpəreit] vi.运转;动手术;起作用 vt.操作;经营

operate on sb 给某人做手术

immediately[iˈmi:diətli] ad.立即,马上;直接地,紧接着地

as soon as possible 尽快地

16. If food supplies the energy to children, knowledge provides the chance for the children to improve themselves and realize their dreams.如果食物给孩子提供能量,知识就为孩子提供完善自我,实现梦想的机会。

supply[səˈplai] n.供应[ pl.]存货,必需品 vt.供给;满足

energy[ˈenədʒi] n.活力,干劲,精力;能,能量,能源

knowledge[ˈnɔlidʒ] n.知识,学问;知道,了解

provide[prəˈvaid] vt.供给,提供

chance[tʃɑ:ns] n.可能性;机会

improve[imˈpru:v] vt.改进,改善 vi.改善,变得更好

realize[ˈriəlaiz] vt.认识,明白;实现,使变为现实

realize sb’s dream 实现某人的梦想

17. After the leaders discussed with each other about the sports meeting, they agreed to cancel it because it might snow heavily and some accidents might happen.在领导们互相讨论过运动会后,由于大雪和事故的发生,他们同意取消它。

leader[ˈli:də] n.领袖,领导者

discuss[disˈkʌs] vt.讨论,谈论,论述

each other[ˈi:tʃ ˈʌðə] 互相,彼此

agree[əˈgri:] vi.赞同;一致;(气候等)相宜 vt.同意

cancel[ˈkænsəl] vt.取消,废除;抵消,对消;删去,划掉

might[mait] 情态动词.[may的过去式] 可能

heavily[ˈhevili] ad.沉重地,猛烈地

accident[ˈæksidənt] n.意外遭遇,事故

happen[ˈhæpən] vi.发生;碰巧,恰好[后接不定式happen to do sth]

18. A few little girls like the Chinese teacher because he looks like a famous Japanese film star and also knows a little Japanese culture.一些小女孩喜欢语文老师因为他看起来像一个有名的日本电影明星,而且他也知道一些日本文化。

a few 有些,几个 [后接可数名词复数]

look like sb/sth 看起来像……

famous[ˈfeiməs] a.著名的,出名的

film[film] n.电影;胶片(卷)

a little[əˈlitl] 一些,一点 [后接不可数名词]

culture[ˈkʌltʃə] n.文化,文明;教养

19. The manager prefers going to a restaurant with his friends to invitingthem to have a meal at home because he says it is too tired for him to prepare food and cook at home.比起在家请客,那个经理还是喜欢和朋友去饭店吃,因为他说他太累了,不想在家中准备和烹调食物。

manager[ˈmænidʒə] n.经理,管理人;经纪人

restaurant[ˈrestrɔnt,ˈrestərənt] n.餐馆,饭店

invite[inˈvait] vt.邀请

too + 形容词/副词 + to + V原 “太……,而不能……”

prepare[priˈpɛə] v.准备,预备

cook[kuk] vt.烹调,煮,烧 n.厨师,炊事员

20. Every Saturday science museum iscrowded with a lot of middle school students, and some teachers are busy explaining the scientific secret behind a lot of interesting experiments.每周六,科学博物馆里挤满了中学生,而老师忙于解释许多有趣实验背后的科学奥秘。

science[ˈsaiəns] n.科学;学科

museum[mju(:)ˈziəm] n.博物馆

crowd[kraud] n.人群,群众;一群 v.聚集;挤满;挤,推

be crowded with 聚满/挤满了……

a lot of[ə ˈlɔt əv] 大量的,许多的

busy[ˈbizi] a.忙的;繁忙的

be busy doing sth 忙于做……

explain[ikˈsplein] v.讲解,解释,说明

scientific[ˌsaiənˈtifik] a.科学的

secret[ˈsi:krit] a.秘密的,机密的 n.秘密

behind[biˈhaind] prep.在…后;落后于

experiment[ikˈsperimənt] n.实验,试验 vi.(on,with)作实验

21. This pretty nurse told the lovely girl it was bad manners to throw the rubbish everywhere and she should put them into the dustbin.那个漂亮的护士告诉那个可爱的女孩,随处乱扔垃圾是不文明的举止,她应该扔在垃圾桶里。

pretty[ˈpriti] ad.相当,很 a.漂亮的,俊俏的,标致的

nurse[nə:s] n.护士,保姆,保育员 vt.护理,照料

manner[ˈmænə] n.方式(法);态度,风度,规矩,举止[ pl.]

throw[θrəu] vt.扔;使突然陷入

rubbish[ˈrʌbiʃ] n.垃圾,废物

everywhere[ˈevriweə] ad.到处,各处,无论何处

should[ʃud, ʃəd] aux. v.[shall的过去式];应当;可能

dustbin['dʌstbin] n.垃圾箱

22. When the engineer found the machine stopped working, he stopped to check what was the matter with it.当工程师发现机器停止工作,他停下来查看出了什么错.

engineer[ˌendʒiˈniə] n.工程师,火车司机 vt.操纵;设计,建造

find[faind] vt.发现;感到

machine[məˈʃi(:)n] n.机器,机械

stop doing sth 停止手头正在做的事;stop to do sth停止下来去做另一件事

check[tʃek] v.检查;突然停止 n.核对;支票

matter[ˈmeitə] n.事情,情况;物质,物品 vi.要紧

23. The lady’s husband raised his head and told me that yesterday’s highest temperature had risen to 36 degrees, but tomorrow it would rise by 3 degrees.这位女士的丈夫抬起头并告诉我昨天最高气温升到 36度,但是今天还会升 3度。

husband[ˈhʌzbənd] n.丈夫

raise[rez, reiz] vt./ n.举起;增加;筹集;引起;养育

high[hai] a.高(级;尚;兴)的 ad.高

temperature[ˈtemp(ə)ritʃə] n.温度,体温;热度,发烧

rise[raiz] vi.升起;起立(床);上涨 n.上涨;升高

degree[diˈgri:] n.度,度数;程度;学位

24. It was very loud outside the classroom so our English teacher required all the students to read the new text aloud.教室外面很吵,所以我们的英语老师要求所有的学生大声朗读新课文。

loud[laud] a.大声的;ad.大声地

outside[ˈautˈsaid] prep./ n./ ad./ a.(在,向)的外面(的)

require[riˈkwaiə] vt.需要;要求,规定

aloud[əˈlaud] ad.出声地,大声地

25. The beautiful journalist received the rich man’s expensive gift; however, sherefused to accept it because she didn’t like him.那个漂亮的记者收到了这富人送的昂贵礼物,但是她拒绝接受,因为她不喜欢他。

journalist[ˈdʒə:nəlist] n.新闻工作者,新闻记者

receive[riˈsi:v] vt.收到;受到;接待,接见,欢迎

expensive[ikˈspensiv] a.昂贵的,花钱多的

gift[gift] n.礼物,赠品;天赋,才能

however[hauˈevə] ad.然而,可是;无论如何conj.不管怎样

refuse[riˈfju:z] v.拒绝,不接受,不同意

accept[əkˈsept] vt.接(领,收)受;承认,同意;相信

26—My deskmate has made sogreat progress in French recently that he can speak French fluently now.

So he has, and so have you.Congratulations on winning the first prize in the French contest.

—我同桌最近在法语上取得很大进步,现在法语说得很流利了。

—是的,你也是。祝贺你赢的法语竞赛第一名。

deskmate 同桌

progress[ˈprəugres] n./ vi.前进,进步,进展

make progress 取得进步、进展

French[frentʃ] a.法国;法国人(的) n.法语

recently[ˈri:səntli] ad.最近,新近

fluently['flu:əntli] adv. 流利地, 流畅地

so + 形容词/副词 + that…… “如此……,以至于……”

so + 人称代词 + be/助动词“某人确实如此”;so + be/助动词 + 人称代词“某人也是如此”

congratulation[kənˌgrætjuˈleiʃən] n.[ pl.]贺词;祝贺,恭喜

win[win] vi.获胜,赢 vt.获胜;赢得

prize[praiz] n.奖(金,品)

11contest[kənˈtest, ˈkɔntest] n.比赛;争夺 vt.争夺,竞争

27.A duck is lying below a tree, it haslaid four eggs but the boy lied that it had laid 3 eggs.一只鸭子躺在树下,它下了四个蛋,但是那个男孩谎称它只下了3个蛋。

duck[dʌk] n.鸭,鸭肉

lying[ˈlaiiŋ] lie的现在分词 lie[lai] vi.躺,平放;位于;伸展;说谎 n.谎话

below[biˈləu] prep.在…下

laid[leid] lay的过去式(分词) lay[lei] v.置放;铺;产(蛋,卵);设置;主张

28.The old writer lived alone in a small village, but he never felt lonely because he had made friends with the books.那个年老的作家独自住在一个小村里,但是他从不感到孤单,因为他和书做朋友。

alone[əˈləun] a./ ad.单独的(地),孤独的;仅,只

village[ˈvilidʒ] n.村,乡村,村庄

lonely[ˈləunli] a.孤独的,寂寞的;荒凉的,人迹稀少的

make friends with和……交朋友

29.Ten passengers are standing besidethe door besides you so there are eleven adults in all.除了你,十个乘客正站在门边,因此一共有 11个成年人。

passenger[ˈpæsindʒə] n.乘客,旅客

stand[stænd] vi.站;坐落;处于;忍受 n.台;摊;立场

beside[biˈsaid] prep.在…旁边,在…附近;和…相比

besides[biˈsaidz] ad.而且,此外(还) prep.除…之外(还)

adult[ˈædʌlt, əˈdʌlt] n.成年人(或动物) a.成年(人)的

in all 总共,合计

30.The monitor expects that besidesstudents, their parents will also attend his birthday party but there are only five of his friends except his class teacher.班长期盼除了学生,他们的家长也能出席他的生日聚会,但是,除了老师只有 5个朋友来了。

monitor[ˈmɔnitə] vt.监听(视;测) n.检测器;显示器;班长

expect[ikˈspekt] vt.预料,预计;等待,期待,盼望;要求

parents[ˈpɛərənts] n.双亲;父母亲

attend[əˈtend] vt.出席,参观;照料 vi.(to)专心于

except[ikˈsept] prep.除…外 conj.除了;要不是,但是

31.Every Sunday, my motherbrings some clean clothes and fresh fruit to me and takes my dirty dresses and T-shirts away.每周日,我妈妈带来一些干净的衣服和新鲜的水果给我,并拿走我的脏衣服和 T恤。

bring[briŋ] vt.带来;把…引来;促使;使发生

clean[kli:n] a.干净的

clothes[ˈkləuðz] n.衣服,服装

fresh[freʃ] a.新(鲜,颖)的;精神饱满的;淡(水)的

fruit[fru:t] n.水果,果实;成果

dirty[ˈdə:ti] a.肮脏的;下流的;卑鄙的

dress[dres] n.连衣裙;衣服 vt.给…穿衣

32.After he took the medicine, the sick soldier felt very weak and finally fell asleep, so you had better keep quiet and not go around.吃过药后,那个生病的战士感到很虚弱,左后睡着了,因此你最好保持安静,不要走动。

after[ˈɑ:ftə] prep./ conj.在…之后

medicine[ˈmedisin] n.内服药;医学

sick[sik] a.有病的;恶心的

soldier[ˈsəuldʒə] n.士兵,军人

weak[wi:k] a.虚弱的;(能力等)差的;微弱的

asleep[əˈsli:p] a.睡着的 fall asleep 睡着

quiet[ˈkwaiət] a.轻声的;安静的 keep quiet 保持安静

around[əˈraund] ad.在周围;到处

33.My watch is the same as my friends’, but it cost me five hundred yuan and my friends spent only 200 yuan on it.我的手表和我朋友的一样,但是花了我500元,而我朋友们只花了200元。

watch[wɔtʃ] v.观看;看守,照看;小心 n.(手)表;看管

the same as 与 ... 同样的

cost[kɔst] n.价格,成本;代价 vt.(使)花费;使付出

某物+cost+某人+时间/金钱/……

34.On March the fifth, some of the pupils plant some trees in the neighborhood, and some help to clean the floor and the rest take care of the old men and women. 3月5日,一些小学生在居民小区种了一些树,一些清洁地面,其余的照顾老年人。

March[mɑ:tʃ] n.三月

pupil[ˈpju:pəl] n.学生,小学生

plant[plɑ:nt] n.植物;工厂 vt.种,植

neighborhood[ˈneibəhud] n.四邻,街坊;邻近地区,附近

floor[flɔ:] n.地面;楼层

rest[rest] n.[the~]其余的人(物);休息 v.休息

take care of 照顾,照料……

35.According to the report, if an office clerk can sleep for a short time at noon, he will feel more comfortable andperform much better in the afternoon.根据报道,如果办公室职员能在中午睡一小会儿,下午就会感到更舒服,表现更好。

according[əˈkɔ:diŋ] ad.依照(to)

office[ˈɔfis] n.办公室;处,所,局

clerk[klɑ:k, klə:k] n.店员,办事员,职员

at noon 在中午

comfortable[ˈkʌmfətəbəl] a.舒服的

36.To our surprise, our leader is veryconfident about such a hard-working secretary that he encourages her totranslate the important Japanese fileinto German as soon as possible.使我们吃惊的是,我们的领导人对这个努力工作的秘书很有信心,他鼓励她将重要的日语文件尽快翻译成德语。

confident[ˈkɔnfidənt] a.确信的,肯定的;有信心的,自信的

such a + 单数名词 + that “如此……样的一个……,以至于……”

hard-working 努力工作的, 勤勉的

secretary[ˈsekrətəri, -teri] n.秘书;书记;部长

encourage[inˈkʌridʒ] vt.鼓励,激励,怂恿;促进

translate[trænzˈleit] v.翻译

file[fail] n.档案;文件夹

German[ˈdʒə:mən] n.& a.德语;德国人;德国的;德语的

37.Since Shanghai has become a modern city in China, it has attractedmore and more foreigners and famous foreign companies.自从上海变成中国的现代化城市以来,上海吸引了越来越多的外国友人和国外知名公司。

since[sins] conj./ prep.从…以后;因为

modern[ˈmɔdən] a.现代的,新式的

attract[əˈtrækt] vt.吸引,引起…的注意

foreigner[ˈfɔrinə] n.外国人

foreign[ˈfɔrin] a.外国的;对外的

company[ˈkʌmpəni] n.公司;陪伴

38.It is quite convenient for this short doctor to get all the tools that he needs because the university has designed a special lab for him.

那个矮的医生很容易就拿到所有所需要的工具,因为大学已经为他设计了一个特别的实验室。

quite[kwait] ad.相当;实际上,确实;完全,十分

convenient[kənˈvi:niənt] a.省力的,方便的

short[ʃɔ:t] a.短(矮)的;缺乏

tool[tu:l] n.工具,用具;方法,手段

need[ni:d] vt.需要 aux.v.必须 n.需要

university[ˌju:niˈvə:siti] n.大学

design[diˈzain] n.设计;图案;企图 vt.设计

special[ˈspeʃəl] a.特殊的;专门的

lab[læb] =laboratory[ləˈbɔrətəri]n.实验室

39.It is known to all that the earth is 49 times the size of the moon but the sun is 1.3 million times as big as the earth.地球是月亮的49倍大,但是太阳是地球的1,300,000倍大,这是常识。

It is known to all that ……“众所周知……”(=As we all know, ……)

earth[ə:θ] n.地球;陆地,地面;土,泥

time[taim] n.时间;次;倍[ pl.]

size[saiz] n.大小,尺寸

A + is/are(was/were) + 基数词 + times + the +度量衡的名称 + of B

A在(尺寸、长度、高度、面积、体积、重量……)方面是B的……倍

moon[mu:n] n.月球,月亮;卫星

million[ˈmiljən] num.百万,百万个

A + is/are(was/were) + 基数词 + times + as 形容词原级 as + B

A在(尺寸、长度、高度、面积、体积、重量、快慢……)方面是B的……倍

40.He is always adding “e” in front of the letter “t” when he spells the word “ninth”,so his English teacher forced him to copy “ninth” one hundred times.当他拼ninth这个单词的时候,总是在 t前加e,所以他的英语老师强迫他把ninth这个单词抄写一百遍。

always[ˈɔ:lweiz] ad.总是,无例外地;永远,始终

add[æd] vt.添(增)加;把…加起来 vi.(to)增添

in front of 在…前面,在…面前

letter[ˈletə] n.信,函件;字母

spell[spel] vt.拼写

force[fɔ:s] n.[ pl.]军队;暴力 vt.强迫

copy[ˈkɔpi] n.副本;(一)本 vt.抄写,复印;抄袭,模仿

41.Sometimes you may not understand your parents because one minute they’re friendly and the next minute they’reshouting and screaming loudly enoughfor the whole street to hear.有时你可能不理解你父母,因为一会儿他们友好,一会儿他们又喊又叫,响的整条街都听见。

understand[ˌʌndəˈstænd] v.理解,懂;意识到

minute[ˈminit] n.分钟;片刻;立刻

friendly[ˈfrendli] a.友好的,友谊的

shout[ʃaut] v./n.呼喊,呼叫

scream[skri:m] vi.尖声叫,发出刺耳的声音

loudly[ˈlaudli] ad.高声地;响亮地

enough[iˈnʌf] ad.足够地,充分地;相当

42.The detective thinks that the man behind the motorcycle may be the thief but his partner believes that maybe the man may just feel interested in the motorcycle.侦探想,在摩托车后的那个男人有可能就是贼,但是他的拍档认为那个男人可能只是对那辆摩托车感兴趣。

detective[diˈtektiv] n.侦探,私人侦探

motorcycle[ˈməutəˌsaikl] n.摩托车

thief[θi:f] n.贼,小偷

partner[ˈpɑ:tnə] n.配偶,搭档;伙伴,合伙人

maybe[ˈmeibi:] ad.大概,也许

interested[ˈintristid] a.感兴趣的,关心的

feel/be interested in sth/sb 对某人/某事感兴趣

43.The girl was afraid to go outside to play because she was afraid of passing the large dog in the garden.那个女孩害怕出去玩,因为害怕经过那个有个大狗的院子。

afraid[əˈfreid] a.害怕(恐惧)的

be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事;

be afraid of sb/sth 害怕某人/某物

pass[pɑ:s] v.经过;传递;通过

large[lɑ:dʒ] a.大的

garden[ˈgɑ:dn] n.花(菜)园[ pl.]公园,园

44.The elder brother will arrive in Beijingat about ten o’clock, while the younger one is going to reach Beijing at half past one and their parents will get there at a quarter to eight.哥哥会在大约10点到北京,弟弟在一点半到,而他们的父母则是七点三刻到。

elder[ˈeldə] a.年龄较大的,年长的

arrive[əˈraiv] vi.到达,到来

about[əˈbaut] ad.大约

o'clock[əˈklɔk] ad. …点钟

reach[ri:tʃ] vt.达到;伸手;达成

quarter[ˈkwɔ:tə] n.四分之一;一刻钟

45.After he won the game, his parents and relatives were very proud of him and all of his teachers took pride in him.在赢了比赛后,他的父母和亲戚以他为傲,他所有的老师也是。

game[geim] n.游戏;比赛

relative[ˈrelətiv] n.亲属(戚) a.相对的;比较的;相关的

proud[praud] a.骄傲的,傲慢的(of)自豪的,得意的

be proud of sb/sth 对……感到骄傲、自豪

pride[praid] n.自豪;自尊;骄傲

take pride in sb 以某人为傲

46.When he was only a child, he dreamt of becoming a scientist but after he grew up, he made a decision to be a teacher instead of a scientist.

当他还是个孩子的时候,他梦想成为一个科学家,但是长大后,他决定成为一名老师而不是科学家。

only[ˈəunli] ad.只;反而 a.唯一的

dream[dri:m] n.梦(想),理想 vi.做梦;想

dream of sth/doing sth 梦想(做)某事

become[biˈkʌm] vi.变成,开始变得

grow up 成长; 逐渐形成

instead of[inˈsted] prep 而不是……

47.This retired healthy leader has a lot of hobbies such as collecting stamps,enjoying the Beijing opera, taking some photos, drawing some pictures and travelling.这个退休的身体健康的领导有许多爱好,例如收集邮票,听听京剧,拍照片,画画还有旅行。

retire[riˈtaiə] vi.退休(役);退出 retired[riˈtaiəd] a.退休的

healthy[ˈhelθi] a.健康的;有益健康的

hobby[ˈhɔbi] n.业余爱好

collect[kəˈlekt] vt.收集;取 vi.积聚

stamp[stæmp] n.邮票;印;标志,印记 v.跺(脚),踩踏

opera[ˈɔpərə] n.歌剧

photo['fəutəu] n.照片 take photos 拍照

draw[drɔ:] vt.画;拖;取出

travel[ˈtrævəl] n./ v.旅行,游历

48.Smoking is very bad for you so if you want to keep healthy, you had better get rid of it and take more physical exercises.吸烟对你有害,所以如果你要保持健康,最好戒烟,多做运动。

smoke[sməuk] n.烟(尘);抽烟 v.冒烟;抽烟

keep[ki:p] v.(使)保持,(使)继续

get rid of 摆脱,除去,处理掉……

physical[ˈfizikəl] a.身体的;物理(学)的

49.The price of the house is too high for many ordinary people to afford, so many people begin to rent the house in the centre of the city.房价对于很多普通人来说太高了以至于买不起,因此许多人开始在市中心租房。

price[prais] n.价格,价钱;代价

ordinary[ˈɔ:dinəri] a.通常的,普通的;平庸的,平淡的

afford[əˈfɔ:d] vt.买得起,担负得起

begin[biˈgin] v.开始

rent[rent] v.租借,租用;出租,出借 n.租金

center[ˈsentə] n.圆心,正中;中心 in the centre of 在……的中心

city[ˈsiti] n.城市,都市

50.A lot of organizations hope that the government will take action to protect the lovely pandas from disappearance.许多组织希望政府将会采取行动来保护可爱的熊猫不让其消失。

organization[ˌɔ:gənaiˈzeiʃən] n.团体,机构;组织

hope[həup] n./v.希望,期望

government[ˈgʌvənmənt] n.政府

action[ˈækʃən] n.行动;行为;作用 take action 采取行动

panda[ˈpændə] n.熊猫

protect[prəˈtekt] vt.保护,保卫

protect sb/sth from sth/doing 保护某人(某物)免遭……

disappearance[ˌdisəˈpiərəns] n.消失;失踪

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  • 伯莫疫
    老师有后半部分吗?
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    转发了

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